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b desno 09

Walking through the historical center of Belgrade, from Queen Natalia Street and Zeleni venac to lower Dorćol, we will pass important buildings from the first half of the 20th century, until 1960, whose authors are women. Women architects have been active in Serbia since the beginning of the century and with their works they have marked our built environment.

The idea of this walk came from the exhibition ''City in Architecture | Architecture in the city – 18/17 – Bečkerek | Petrovgrad | Zrenjanin” and promotes the theme of this year's BINA: communications in architecture and communication with architecture. What makes this city special, but still part of a wider social and architectural space? How do we recognize our personality and does it serve us for better communication? Can a high-quality architectural space be the basis for recognizing and understanding the community?

I am not sentimental by nature, but here, I tried to put myself in the position of a desperate man, a man brought before the firing squad. I wanted for the future visitor to find himself at the bottom of a well, to encounter at least a brief moment of shivering fear, and in that instant, with their eyes going up, to look for salvation.  (Ivan Antić) 

A walking tour of the “Building PRIZAD (TANJUG)” situated at Obilićev venac No. 2 presents this monumental structure erected in 1938 for the Privileged Export Joint Stock Company (PRIZAD), based on the project designed by the architect Bogdan Nestorović. 

The opus of the architect Ivan Antić includes the complex of the Belgrade-based Radio Television buildings, the Children’s Cultural Center and the Small Theater "Duško Radović" (1963-1967). In this large spatial arrangement, in addition to the already well-known elements of the good functional development, he introduced one regional aspect through the idea of forming a porch-like path between the buildings. It is a process where elements of folk architecture are transmitted and transposed into a modern environment, thus multiplying the enriched space.

Walking through the historical center of Belgrade, from Queen Natalia Street and Zeleni venac to lower Dorćol, we will pass important buildings from the first half of the 20th century, until 1960, whose authors are women. Women architects have been active in Serbia since the beginning of the century and with their works they have marked our built environment.

‘’The left bank of the river Sava was Austrian. From the shore to Zemun were only sand and swamps. On the banks were patrols, one on the very river mouth of Dunav and Sava, second to the south, half way to the railway bridge, and the third one was located on the bridge. Between those outposts, at a slow pace, on the path right next to the river bank, two Hungarian guards were patrolling with rifles and big green feathers on their Kalpaks which resembled a whole peacock’s tail. Between their rounds, there was around a half an hour opening. We used that opening to swim across the river, in order to go to the swamps and gather water lilies. Unfortunately, one day, the guards mixed their schedule and surprised us. They managed to catch Hugo, who went the furthest. Half naked and soaking wet, they made him march to Zemun, where they kept him until the night fell, they then returned him to the shore and let him swim back across.’’

Today, after more than a century of its existence, the New Cemetery represents a historical monument and memorial of special importance for national history and culture. Due to the numerous memorial monuments, architectural entities, sculptures and a large number of distinguished persons buried there, the New Cemetery was designated in 1983 as having great cultural and historical heritage significance for the Republic of Serbia. In 2004 the New Cemetery became a member of the Association of Significant Cemeteries of Europe (ASCE).

The Museum of Modern art is a heritage of the work of Serbian and Yugoslav art of the 20th century, from its opening in 1965 to the present day. After a long and comprehensive reconstruction of the building (since 2007), it finally shined in its full glory at the end of 2017. With this, the museum has practically started its ‘’second life’’, technically technologically modernized, functionally advanced, but at the same time respecting the basics of the aesthetics postulated by the original project -  the competition won by architects Ivanka Raspopović and an academic Ivan Antić.

After the Second World War, in 1947, the Artisan Club building was given to be used by Radio Belgrade. For that occasion it was refurbished to suit the purposes of a radio station: the restaurant on the ground floor was transformed into a music and drama studio, while the rooms were turned into editorial boardrooms. As Radio Belgrade was expanding, together with technology improvements, new studios for broadcasting and editing were being added. The area previously occupied by the “Avala” cinema is now a large music studio utilized also for public recordings. Entering this ‘time capsule’ one can still recognize the features of the interior, lamps and chandeliers belonging to the thirties.
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